Breast Conserving Surgery
Only the cancer is removed but in order to prevent cancer from coming back breast conservation has to has be to combined with radiation.
Lumpectomy – Partial Mastectomy
Lumpectomy and partial mastectomy are different terms for the same operation: The healthy breast tissue remains in place and only the cancer is removed. Two major studies published in the 1980s showed that lumpectomy/partial mastectomy + radiation is just as good as removing the whole breast (total mastectomy).
Cancer patients with large or droopy breasts (ptosis) can have a lumpectomy/partial mastectomy and a breast reduction or a breast lift. The noncancer side can also be reduced or lifted so the breasts match (symmetry).
With a mastectomy the entire breast is moved. The different types of mastectomy are based on whether, in addition to the whole breast, the lymph nodes in the underarm, the skin and/or the nipple-areolar complexare removed as well.
Removal of the whole breast, the muscle, all of the skin and the lymph nodes
Modified Radical Mastectomy
The same as a radical mastectomy except the muscle is not removed
Simple / Total / Complete Mastectomy
Removal of the entire breast and most of the skin but not the lymph nodes
Skin Sparing Mastectomy
Removal of the whole breast and the nipple-areolar complex but all of the skin remains
Skin And Nipple Sparing Mastectomy
Removal of the whole breast but all of the skin and the nipple-areolar complex are spared